B.ラッセルのポータルサイト


Bertrand Russell's Vocabularies

ラッセル英単語・熟語_総合索引

 R英語類義語シリーズはこちら / 

凡 例


ラッセル英単語・熟語1500
  1. ラッセルの著作に使用されている単語及び熟語の用例集
      (編集動機など)

  2. ごく簡単なもの(例:中学で学ぶ単語など)やあまり参考にならない難しい単語等は原則として除く

  3. [用例の収集方法]
    (▲ は半角スペース)

    Google 検索エンジンを使い,
    「英単語▲site:https://russell-j.com/」
    「英単語1▲英単語2▲site:https://russell-j.com/」
    「"フレーズ"▲site:https://russell-j.com/」(必ず""で囲む)
    あるいは
    「▲"英熟語"▲site:https://russell-j.com/」(必ず""で囲む)
    等で検索し,その結果を使用。
 ★ Google の検索エンジンを活用した本ポータルサイト活用法

    【参考サイト:発音記号の覚え方

A_a

abduct abhor abide abject abominable aborigine abort abound abrupt absolutely absorb abstain absurd abuse 

acclaim accommodate accompany accord accrue accumulate account accuse acquaintance acquiesce acquit acute 

adapt addict adhere adjust adolescence administer adultery advantage advent adverse advocate 

aesthetic

affection affinity affirmative afflict affluent afresh 

agent aggravate agitate agony 

alien allege alleviate allot ally allowance alteration alternative altruistic 

amass ambiguous ambivalent amend amiable amid ample 

anarchy ancestral anecdote anguish annoy antarctic antagonism anticipate antidote antiquated 

apathy appalling apparent appease appetite applaud apply appraise apprehend appreciate aptitude 

arbitrary archaic arctic ardent arduous argue armistice arouse arrest arrogant articulate artificial 

ascertain ascetic ascribe aspire assail assassination assault assent assert assess asset assign assimilate assume assured asylum 

atheist attentive attorney attract 

authentic authority autocracy 

avenge avert 

awe awkward  

axiom

aye (ay)

 || (番外) asinine

(熟語)
according as add to akin to all but all of a sudden all the more all the same allude to and the like anything but apart from as (A) as any (B) as (A) as ever as a rule as far as (A) be concerned as for as it is as it were as opposed to as the case may be as yet associate with at a loss at all cost at fault at large at length at once at one's disposal at one's wits' end at stake at the mercy of at will attend to
B_b

bachelor balance ban banish bankrupt  banner barbarian bare barely barren barrier 

bear befall beloved benefit benevolence beseech beset besiege bestow bet betray beverage 

bill birthright bishop bizarre 

blackmail blame blast bliss blockade bloom blunder blossom blunder 

boast bondage boon boredom bother bout bow bowels 

breach breakdown breed brew bribe broaden brood bruise brute 

bulk bully bunch burden bureaucracy bury bustle butcher 

  || (番外) Bolshevik

(熟語)
be beneath one's dignity  be bent on [upon]  be bound to be comparable to [with] be confronted with be content with  be devoid of be done with be due to  be endowed with be equal to  be hard up 
be indignant at  be instrumental in  be lost in  be obliged to be possessed by be subject to be tired of be to be weary of be well (badly) off become of behind one's back (a) bird's-eye-view bring back bring up bump into but for by far 
by nature by oneself
C_c

calculus cancer candid cane canon capable captivity cardinal carefree caricature carriage carve cast catastrophe cause 

celebrate celebrity celestial celibacy certain certify 

challenge chaotic charge chase cheat cherish chill choke christen chronicle chuckle 

circulate circumstances civic 

claim clap clarity class clause clench cling clinical clumsy 

coarse coax coerce coexist coherent coincidence collaborate collapse collision commemorate commend commit commodity commonplace communism commute compartment compassion compatible compel compensate competence compliment compound compress comprise compromise compulsory comrade concealment concede conceit conceive concur condemn condition confer confidence confine confirm conform confound congenial congenital conscience consent conservative considerate consistency consolation console consolidate conspicuous conspiracy constitute constraint contagious contemplation contend context contingency continuance contract contradiction controversy convene convention converge conversely convert convict convince  coordinate corps corruption cosmic cosy [cozy] counsel counterpart courtesy 

cram crank crave credit creed creep  crest cripple criterion critical crucial crude crumble crusade 

cult cunning curb cure curiosity currency curse curtail

cynicism   || (番外) Christian

(熟語)
call for call off call upon (on) ~ to (for)  can afford (to) cannot possibly (could not possibly) care for carry out carry over cater to close by come accros come into being (existence) come of age come to life consist in cope with correspond to count on cut a figure 
D_c

damn dazzle

deal debase debilitate deceased  decipher  deceive decent decisive decline decorate deduct deed deem defect deference deficient defy degenerate degrade delegate deliberatedelusion demolish denote depict deplore depose depreciate depressed deprive derision derive description desert designate desolate despot destined destitute detach detect deter deteriorate detest devastate deviation device devolve dexterity 

diagnosis dictate differentiate diffuse dignity diligent dim dip disapprove disarmament discard discern discharge disciple discipline discomfort discontinue discourage discourse discredit discreet discriminate disgrace disguise disgust disintegrate disinterested dismal dismay dismiss disorder dispatch dispel dispense disperse displace disposition disregard disrupt dissent dissipation dissociation dissolve distil distort distract distress diverge diversify diversity divert dividend divine dizzy 

doctrine domain domestic dominate doom dose downfall 

drag drain drawback dread dreary dripping drought drown drudgery 

dual dubious durable 

dwindle 

dynasty 

|| (番外) diabolic

(熟語)
dawn on (upon) day in and day out (day in, day out) die down die hard die out dispense with do more harm than good do well to (do well not to) do with do without draw up dwell upon (on)
E_e

earthly

eccentric eclipse 

efficacy efficient 

eject

elaborate elevate elicit eloquent elude

emancipate embargo embarrass
embed embody embrace emigrate eminence emit emphatic empirical empower empress emulate 

enact enchant enclose encounter endanger endorse endow enforce engage engrave enhance enlighten enlist enmity enrich ensue entail entangle entitle envelop envisage envy 

epidemic 

equilibrium 

eradicate erect err eruption 

eschew espouse estate esteem estimation 

ethnic 

euthanasia 

evacuate evade evaporate evening evidence (evidences) evoke evolve 

exact exalt exasperate exceed excel exclusive excursion exemplify exempt exert exhilarate exhort exile exodus (Exodus) expedient expedition expel explicit exploit expose expressly exquisite extinguish exult 

 || (番外) erroneous

(熟語)
[the] ebb and flow embark on en masse entrust ~ to (with) equip ~ with ~ ever so / ever such explain away expose (A) to (B) extract (A) from (B)
F_f

fable facade facilitate faculty fallacy famine fanaticism fanciful fascinate fasten fasting fatherhood fatigue faulty 

feasible feast feat feature feeble ferocity fertile fervour (fervor) fetch fetus = foetus 

fidelity fierce filthy finite 

flattering flavour [flavor] flaw flee flicker flock flora fluctuate 

fold folly footpath foresee foresight foretell forge forgo formidable formulate fortify foster foul 

fraction fragile fragment frame franctic fraud frenzy frequency fret friction frosty frown frustrate 

fuel function fundamental funeral furnishing(s) fury futile

|| (番外) foolish

(熟語)
fall a prey (victim) fall back upon fall into place first and foremost fit (A) into (B) flatter oneself follow out follow suit for all for (all) practical purposes for fear (that) ~ may for good or evil for oneself for the life of one for (from) want of (a) frame of mind (be) free from (be) free of fresh from from within from without
G_g

gallant garment gasp gaze 

generality generation generosity genesis geology germ 

gifted given

glamour (glamor) glare glee glide glimpse global glow 

gospel governor 

grace grain grant grasp gratify grave gravity greet grievance grim grin gross ground growl 

guarantee guardian guilt 

gymnastics 

|| (番外) greedy

(熟語)
gain ground get ahead of get at get back get on get over get rid of get stuck in get the better of give away give rise to give way go about go astray go on with go out of one's way (to) go so far as to go too far
H_h

habitual hail hallucination halt halve hamper handiwork hardship hare harsh hatch haughty haunt 

hearten hedge heal heap heartless heave heed heighten heir hemisphere hence herd heredity heretic heritage heterogeneous 

hierarchy hinder 

hoard holy homage homely homogeneous honesty hospitality hostage hostility household howl 

huddle humane humanity humble humbug humiliate hush 

hygiene hypocrisy hypothesis hysteria

  || (番外) holy

(熟語)
hand down hand on hand out hand over hang about (around) hard of hearing have a bearing on have an eye on have done with hear from hit upon (on)
I_i

identical ideology idle

illicit illiterate 

immerse immemorial imminent immortal immune impair impart impartial impede impending imperative imperialist implant implement implicit impoverish 

inaugurate incentive incident incite incompetent incorporate incubation incur indebted indecision independent indicate indigestion indignant induce indulge inertia infection infidelity infinity inflame inflict infringement infuriate ingenious ingenuous ingratitude ingredient inhabitant inherent inherit initial inject injurious inland inn innate innovation insane inspect instil insult insurance intact integrate integrity intelligence intense intentional interact interfere intermediary intermit intrerpose interrupt intervene intoxication intrigue intrinsic introductory intrude intuition invalid invert invest invincible involve invoke involuntary 

irksome irony irrigation 

issue

 || (番外) ignorant

(熟語)
I dare say (I daresay) idenfify A with B if anything if only in a row in a word in advance in all likelihood in charge of in defiance of in due course in [good (real)] earnest in effect in one's company in oneself in person in place of (in one's place) in proportion as in public in retrospect in search of in short in store for in terms of in that in the air in the dead of in the face of in the interest(s) of in the long run in the matter of in the meantime in the middle of in the way of / in one's way in turn it follows that
J_j

jaw 

Jewish 

judicial judicious jury justice justify juvenile

 || (番外) jolly

(熟語)
just so
K_k

keen 

kindergarten kindle kindred kinship kitten 

kneel

 || (番外) knowledge

(熟語)
keep ~ at a distance (keep one's distance)  keep (hold) ~ at bay keep (oneself) to oneself keep ~ out keep an eye on keep down kill time know (A) from (B) know better (than to) know of know the ropes
L_l

lag lament landlord lapse latitude laughable launch lawless lawsuit lax layer layman 

lean leaning leap legacy legal legend legislation legitimate lengthy  lessen lesson lethargic levy 

liable liberal lightning limb linger literally livelihood 

loathe lofty longevity longing loom lot love 

lucrative lump lunatic lure lust luxury 

 || (番外) liberty

  
(熟語)
lean against learn by heart leave behind lest ~ should let alone lie awake lie in lie on one's face (back, side) live on live up to live with long for (after) look ~ in the face look after look into look to (A) for (B)
M_m

machinery magnify maintain majesty malevolent malice malign mammal manage manhood manifold manipulate marginal marital martial martyr  masculine massacre material maternal mature maxim 

meagre (AmE. meager) meanness meanwhile measure mediate mediocre meditate menace mercy merge mess metaphor meteor methodical metropolis 

midnight midwife millennium mingle minister minute misery misplace mistress mitigate 

mob mobile mock moderate modern modify molecule monarchy monetary monopoly monotonous morbid mortal mortify motherhood motivate mould mount 

multiply  mumble mundane municipal mute 

myth

 || (番外) mystery

(熟語)
make a differnce; make no difference make a point of *ing make believe (make-believe) make (both) ends meet make for make one's way make out make the most (best) of make up for may as well  may well  mistake A for B more often than not much less (not A, much less)
N_n

nag naive narrative narrowly nasty nation nationality 
naturalist nature naughty 

neat necessitate negligible  negotiate nephew nerve 

nightmare 

nominal nominate norm notation notice notion notorious 
nourish novelty 

nuance nucleus nuisance null nursery nurture nutrition

|| (番外) nincompoop

(熟語)
natural selection next door to (in) nine (cases, times) out of ten no less ~ than no less than no man's land no more ~ than no more than not A because B not altogether not more than not so much ~ as now ... now [every] now and then now [that]
O_o

oath 

obedience objectionable oblige obliterate oblivion oblivious obscene obscure observe obsess obsolete obstacle obstruct 

occasion occupation occurrence 

odd 

offend offset offspring 

onset 

opponent oppress 

orbit ordeal orderly organic originate ornament orphan orthodoxy 

oscillation 

otherwise 

oust outburst outcast outcry outgrow outlet outrage outset outweigh 

ovation overcrowd overdo overhaul overhear overpower override overshadow overstate overtake overwhelm

 || (番外)  objective

(熟語)
of a Sunday (of an evening) of necessity of one's own accord (of its own accord) of the day  on behalf of on duty + off duty on end on good terms with on occasion on the air on the contrary on the market on the off chance on the spot once (and) for all only too (... to) other than out of order over and above 
P_p

pagan pant paralyse paramount parasite parenthesis parody parrot partial particle passage passion pastoral paternal pathetic patriotism patronize pave 

peck peculiar pedestrian peer penetrate pension pep perennial peril perplex perplexity persist perspective pervert petty 

phantom philanthropy physiology 

pierce pile pilgrim pillar pious 

plague plausible plead pledge plight plot plough (plow) pluck plunder plunge 

pneumonia 

poise poke polygamy possessed posterity postpone postulate pour power 

practical praiseworthy precarious precede precept precipitate precise preclude predecessor predicate predict pregnant prehistoric prelude premature premise preoccupy preparatory prescribe prestige pretence (pretense) pretext prevailing prick priest probability probe process proclaim procure profess proficient profound prominent propagate propensity proper prophecy proposition prosecute province provoke prudent 

psycho (psycho-analysis) 

puberty publicise (publicize) purge purify purport 

 || (番外) pedant

(熟語)
part from part with pass away pass for penny wise (and) pound foolish persuade oneself (of) pick out poetic justice prefer (A) to (B) the [a] Promised Land provided [that] put ~ to flight pull oneself together 
put something/somebody first put the cart before the horse put up with
Q_q

Q.E.D.

quaint quality quake quantitative quarrelsome quarter quasi quote

 || (番外)  queer
R_r

racial radiant radical raid ramble ramify rap rarity rascal rattle 

react readiness realistic realm rear reasonable reasoning reassure 
rebel 
recall recapture recede receptive recipient reciprocal recite reckless reckon recollection reconcile recount rectangle recur 
redeem redress reduce 
reelect 
refine reflect refrain refuge refurbish refute 
regain regime regulate regulator 
rehearse 
reign reinforce 
rejoice 
relation relic relieve relinquish relish reluctant 
remainder remedy reminiscence remorse 
render renounce renovate 
repay repeal repent replenish represent repress reproach reprove reptile 
requisite 
resemble resent reside resign restore restrain resume  resurrect 
retain retard retiring retort retract 
reveal revenue revere reverence revert revolutionize revulsion 

rhetoric rhyme 

ridiculous riot ripe ritual 

robust rot rouse royalty 

rub rusty ruthless

 || (番外) rational

(熟語)
red tape refer to refrain from relieve (A) of (B) remain to be done (seen) resort to rest with result in return a verdict root out (a) rule of thumb rule out run about run across run out of run the risk of
S_s

sabotage sage salute salvage sanction sanctuary sanitary satire savor (savour) 

scent sceptical scold scorn scramble scream screening scrutiny sculpture 

secede seclude secular seemingly segregate self-contained self-righteous semblance senator seniority sense sensual serene sermon serpent settle sew 

shabby shallow shareholder shed sheer shirk shiver shore shortage shorthand shred shrewd shrink shudder shuffle 

sicken simulate simultaneous singular 

skeleton 

slap slaughter slay 

snatch sniff snobbery 

soar sob sober solemn solidarity solitude soothe sore sour sovereign 

spacious spare sparse specimen spectator sphere spontaneous 

stabilize stagnant stain stalk stammer startle static stationary statue stature statute steep stem sterile stern stiff stigma stimulus sting strain stray strenuous stride strive stroll stubborn stuff 

subdivide subdue subjective sublime submit subordinate subscribe subside subsidiary subsist substance substitute subtle succumb suck sue suffice suggest suicide sullen summon superficial supreb superfluous supersede supposedly suppress supremacy surge surgery surmount surpass surplus surrender suspect suspend 

swallow sway swear sweep swell swift 

symmetry symptom synthesis

 || (番外) sacrifice

(熟語)
scratch one's head see eye to eye with see to it that seeing that serve to do set about set forth set in set off shrug one's shoulders so far so much for so much so that so to speak something of speak out stand by stand for stand in need of stand out stand still stir up such and such / such-and-such such as it is / such as they are sum up (to sum up)
T_t

tact tame tangible entangle tariff taxation 

tear tease technical tedious televise temper temporary tenant tentative terminate terrestrial testify  testimony 

thee theology thereby thesis threshold thrive thrust thwart 

timidity tiresome tissue 

toil tolerance toll torment 

trait tramp trample trance transact transcend transform transient transition transmit traverse treachery tremble trespass tribe tribunal trifle troop trouble truth 

tuberculosis tumble turbulent 

twilight twitter twofold 

tyranny

 || (番外) true

(熟語)
take ~ for granted take in take on take over take precedence over take refuge take the precaution of take to the chances are [that] the moment [that] the other way around (round) the struggle for existence the survival of the fittest threaten to to the contrary to the effect that trace A (back) to B true for (of)  true to life turn out  turn up
U_u

ultimate 

unanimous unconscious uncontrolled undergo underlie undermine undertake undo undue uneasy unforeseen unilateral universal  unprecedented unprofitable untouched unveil

upheaval uphold upright upset 

urge 

usage 

utter

 || (番外) unfair

(熟語)
under fire under way up and down up to 
upside down used to
V_v

vague valid valuation vanish variable 

vegetation vehicle velocity vengeance vent venture verbal verdict verge verify vest veto vex 

vice vicious villain vindicate violate virulent 

vocation vogue void volatile vouch vow 

vulgar vulnerable

 || (番外) virtue

(熟語)
vice versa 
W_w

wander warfare warn warp warrant waver 

weep weighty 

whatsoever whim whip whisper wholesome 

witch withdraw wither withhold withstand witness wizard 

woe womb woo wooded worldly worship 

wreck wrench wrestle wretched wring

 || (番外) wisdom

(熟語)
 wait on wear out well-to-do what if what we call when it comes to wide of the mark witch hunt with all with interest with the result that without regard to [for] work on work out worth while would (had) sooner (A) than (B) wrapped up in
X_x
 || (番外) xenophobia
Y_y

yawn 

yearly yell 

yield 

yoga 

(番外) youth

(熟語)
yield to
Z_z
zest  || (番外) zeal
比較
自動詞 lie の過去形 lay と 他動詞 lay の現在形を混同しないこと
find, realise, recognise, notice の使い分け
propose, suggest, recommend, advise の使い分け
修飾語を選ぶときには頻度に注目
抽象名詞の使い分け - 共起する動詞と修飾語に注目
適切な前置詞を選ぶ in, on, at - 前置詞+名詞の連語に注目
抽象名詞の加算・不加算