バートランド・ラッセル 英単語・熟語 m086

★ mortify [ (vt)(情欲・感情などを)抑制する,克服する;屈辱を感じさせる,くやしがらせる]

* 語源:mors (死)と facere (行う)に由来。
* mortal( adj. 死を免れない;人間の || (n) 人間)
* mortification (adj.):(宗)苦行,禁欲;屈辱
* mortifying (adj.):しゃくにさわる,くやしい
* mortican (n):葬儀屋


Here, again, we are met by a tradition urging the cheap and easy way of repression: the saint must learn to renounce Self, must mortify the flesh and forgo instinctive joys. .
 出典:ラッセル『教育論』第一部 教育の理想_ 第2章「教育の目的

Above all, we. should not give the child a sense of self-importance which later experience will mortify, and which in any case is not in accordance with the facts.

After all the care that they have bestowed on the child, they find to their mortification that he turns out quite different from what they had hoped.



The captain was mortified when his ship hit a large snag.
 出典:『究極の英単語<SVL> Vol.4 超上級の3000語』p.280

How mortifying to have to apologize to him!
 出典:Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary, 8th ed.

If you say that something mortifies you, you mean that it offends or embarrassses you a great deal.
 出典:Collins COBUILD English Dictionary for Advanced Learners, new ed