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ラッセル英単語・熟語


★ wear out [すりへらす,すりへる;疲れ果てさせる;つきはてさせる,つきはてる]
A very frequent source of fatigue is love of excitement. If a man could spend his leisure in sleep, he would keep fit, but his working hours are dreary, and he feels the need of pleasure during his hours of freedom. The trouble is that the pleasures which are easiest to obtain and most superficially attractive are mostly of a sort wear out to the nerves.
[疲労の原因は,非常に多くの場合,'興奮を好むこと'にある。余暇を睡眠に費やせるならば,人間はいつも健康を保てるだろうが,しかし,働いている時間は退屈なため,自由時間には娯楽の必要を感じる。困ったことに,最も手に入れやすく,表面的に最も魅力的な娯楽は,大部分,神経を消耗する種類のものである。
 出典:ラッセル『幸福論』第5章「疲労」]

Hodder had given out that there had been a divorce, but Miss Gwinn's action showed that this had not been the case. He died soon after their marriage, worn out with riotous living. He had a very brilliant mind, and in the absence of women could talk very interestingly.
[ホッダーは,すでに離婚したと言い立てていたが,ミス・グウィンの行動は,事実はそうでなかったことを示していた。結婚後すぐに彼は,あまりにも騒々しい生活で消耗し,亡くなった。彼は非常に聡明な知性をもっており,女性がいないところでは,大変興味深い話をすることができた。」
 出典:ラッセル『自伝』第1巻第5章「初婚」]

My shoes are worn out. / The long journey has worn him out. / His patience was worn out at last.
[私の靴はすりへっている。/長い旅行で彼は疲れ果てた。/彼はついに堪忍袋の緒が切れた。
 出典:森一郎『試験にでる英熟語』p.154]

Those thin shoes will wear out quickly.
[ 出典:Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, new ed.]

He wore out two pairs of shoes last year.
[ 出典:Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary, 8th ed.]