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Portal Site for Russellian in Japan


Bertrand Russell's Vocabularies

ラッセル英単語・熟語_総合索引

 


「まえがき」


「まえがき」


「まえがき」

凡 例

  1. ラッセルの著作に使用されている単語及び熟語の用例集 (編集動機など)

  2. ごく簡単なもの(例:中学で学ぶ単語など)やあまり活用できそうもない難しい単語等は原則として除く

  3. 当面,単語と熟語を混在させる。必要があれば,単語集と熟語集に分割する。

  4. [用例の収集方法]
    (▲ は半角スペース)

    Google 検索エンジンを使い,
    「英単語▲site:http://russell-j.com/」
    「英単語1▲英単語2▲site:http://russell-j.com/」
    「"フレーズ"▲site:http://russell-j.com/」(必ず""で囲む)
    あるいは
    「▲"英熟語"▲site:http://russell-j.com/」(必ず""で囲む)
    等で検索し,その結果を使用。
   ★ Google の検索エンジンを利用した本ポータルサイト活用法(詳細版)

    【参考サイト:発音記号の読み方と覚え方
abduct abide abort abound abrupt absolutely absorb abstain absurd 
abuse accommodate accompany accumulate account accuse acquaintance 
acquiesce acute adapt addict adhere adjust adolescence advent adverse 
advocate aesthetic afflict affection affirmative agent agony alien allege 
alleviate allot ally alternative altruistic ambiguous ambivalent amiable ample 
anarchy anecdote anguish annoy anticipate antidote antiquated apathy apparent 
appetite applaud apply apprehend aptitude arbitrary archaic arctic ardent 
argue arouse arrest arrogant articulate artificial ascertain ascetic ascribe 
assassination assault assent assert assess asset assign assimilate assume 
atheist attentive attorney attract authentic authority autocracy avenge avert 
awe awkward axiom
 || (番外) asinine
 // (熟語) according as all but all of a sudden all the same allude to 
and the like anything but apart from as (A) as any (B) as (A) as ever as a rule
as far as (A) be concerned as for as it is as it were as opposed to as the case may be
as yet associate with at a loss at all cost at length at once at one's disposal
at one's wits' end at the mercy of at will attend to
balance ban banish bankrupt barbarian bare barely barren bear befall 
benefit benevolence beset bestow betray bill bizarre blame blast bliss 
blockade bloom blunder blossom blunder boast bondage boredom bother 
bow breach breakdown breed brood bruise bully bunch burden bureaucracy
bury bustle 
  || (番外) Bolshevik
 // (熟語)  be beneath one's dignity  be bent on [upon]  be bound to 
be confronted with be content with  be devoid of be done with be due to 
be endowed with be equal to  be hard up  be indignant at  be lost in 
be obliged to be possessed by be subject to be to be weary of be well(badly) off 
become of bring up bump into but for by far by nature by oneself
cancer candid capable cardinal carriage carve cast catastrophe cause celebrate 
celebrity celibacy certain challenge chaotic charge chase cheat chill choke 
chuckle circumstances civic claim clap clarity class clause clench cling clumsy 
coarse coerce coexist coherent coincidence collapse collision commemorate 
commend commit commodity commonplace communism commute compartment 
compassion compatible compel compensate competence compliment 
compress comprise compromise comrade concede conceit conceive condemn 
condition confer confidence confine confirm conform confound congenial 
conscience consent conservative consolation consolidate conspicuous conspiracy 
constitute constraint contend context contract contradiction controversy 
convention conversely convert convict convince coordinate corps corruption 
cosmic cosy [cozy] counterpart courtesy cram crave credit creed creep 
criterion critical crucial crude cult cure curiosity currency curse
 || (番外) Christian
 // (熟語) call for call off call upon (on) 〜 to (for)  can afford (to) 
cannot possibly (could not possibly) care for carry out cater to close by 
come accros come into being (existence) come of age consist in cope with 
correspond to cut a figure 
damn dazzle deal debase deceased deceive decent decisive decline deduct 
deed defect deference deficient defy delegate deliberate delusion denote 
depict depreciate deprive derive descriptiondesert designate desolate despot 
destitute detach detect deter deteriorate devastate deviation device diagnosis 
dictate differentiate diligent diffuse dim dip disapprove disarmament discard 
discern discipline discourse discreet discriminate disgrace disguise disgust 
disinterested dismal dismay dismiss dispense displace disposition disregard 
disrupt dissent dissociation dissolve distil distort distract distress diverge 
diversity divert divine dizzy doctrine domain domestic dominate doom 
dose drag drain drawback dread dreary drought drown drudgery dubious 
durable dynasty 
|| (番外) diabolic
  // (熟語) dawn on (upon) day in and day out (day in, day out) die down 
die hard die out dispense with do more harm than good do well to (do well not to) 
do with do without draw up dwell upon (on)
eccentric eclipse efficacy efficient elaborate elicit eloquent emancipate
embargo embarrass embed embody embrace emigrate emit emphatic empirical enact 
enchant enclose encounter endanger endorse endow enforce engage enhance 
enlighten entail entitle envy epidemic equilibrium eradicate erect eruption 
esteem estimation ethnic evacuate evade evaporate evening evoke evolve 
exact exalt exasperate exceed exemplify exempt exert exile expedition 
expel explicit exploit expose extinguish
 || (番外) erroneous
 // (熟語) [the] ebb and flow embark on en masse entrust 〜 to (with)
equip 〜 with 〜 ever so / ever such explain away expose (A) to (B) 
extract (A) from (B)
fable facilitate faculty fallacy famine fanaticism fascinate fatigue feasible 
feast feat feature feeble fertile fetch fidelity filthy finite flavour [flavor] flaw 
flee flock fluctuate fold folly foresee foretell forgo formidable foster foul 
fraction fragile fragment frame franctic fraud frequency friction frown 
frustrate function fundamental funeral fury futile
|| (番外) foolish
 // (熟語) fall a prey (victim) fall back upon fit (A) into (B) flatter oneself 
follow suit for all for (all) practical purposes for fear (that) 〜 may for good or evil 
for oneself for the life of one for (from) want of (a) frame of mind (be) free from 
(be) free of fresh from from within from without
garment gasp generation generosity genesis geology germ gifted given
glimpse global glow governor grace grain grant grasp gratify grave 
gravity greet grim grin gross ground growl guarantee guardian guilt
|| (番外) greedy
 // (熟語) gain ground get at get back get on get over get rid of 
get the better of give away give rise to give way go about go astray go on with 
go out of one's way (to) go so far as to go too far
habitual halt hardship harsh hatch haughty haunt heal heap heed heir 
hemisphere hence herd heredity heretic heritage heterogeneous hierarchy holy 
homogeneous honesty hospitality hostage hostility household humanity 
humble humbug humiliate hygiene hypocrisy hypothesis 
  || (番外) holy
 // (熟語) hand on hand out hand over hang about (around) hard of hearing
have a bearing on have an eye on have done with hear from hit upon (on)
identical ideology idle illiterate immune impair impart impartial imperative 
implant implement implicit impoverish incentive incident incorporate 
indecision independent indicate indignant indulge infection infidelity infinity 
inflict infringement ingenious ingenuous ingredient inhabitant inherent inherit 
initial innate innovation insane inspect insult insurance intact integrate 
integrity intelligence intense intentional interfere intermit interrupt intervene 
intoxication intrigue intrinsic intrude intuition invalid invert invest 
involve invoke irksome irony irrigation issue
 || (番外) ignorant
 // (熟語) I dare say (I daresay) idenfify A with B if anything if only in a row 
in a word in advance in all likelihood in charge of in defiance of in due course 
in [good (real)] earnest in effect in one's company in oneself
in place of (in one's place) in proportion as in retrospect in search of in store for 
in terms of in that in the air in the dead of in the face of in the interest(s) of 
in the long run in the matter of in the middle of in the way of / in one's way in turn 
it follows that
jaw judicial judicious jury justice justify juvenile
 || (番外) jolly
 // (熟語) just so
keen kindergarten kinship kitten kneel
 || (番外) knowledge
 // (熟語) keep 〜 at a distance (keep one's distance)  keep (hold) 〜 at bay 
keep (oneself) to oneself keep 〜 out keep an eye on keep down kill time 
know (A) from (B) know better (than to) know of know the ropes
lament lapse latitude launch layer layman lean leap legacy legal legend
legislation legitimate lessen lesson lethargic liable liberal lightning limb 
linger literally loathe lofty lot love lucrative lump lunatic lure 
 || (番外) liberty

 // (熟語) lean against learn by heart leave behind lest 〜 should lie in
lie on one's face (back, side) live on live up to live with long for (after) 
look 〜 in the face look into look to (A) for (B)
machinery maintain maintain majesty malice mammal manage manifold 
manipulate marginal marital masculine masscre material maternal mature 
maxim meagre (AmE. meager) meanness measure mediate mediocre meditate 
menace mercy mess metaphor meteor midnight mingle minute misery 
mistress mitigate mob mock moderate modern modify molecule monarchy 
monopoly monotonous morbid mortal motivate mould mount multiply  
mumble municipal myth
 || (番外) mystery
 // (熟語) make a point of *ing make believe (make-believe) make for 
make one's way make out make the most (best) of make up for may as well  
may well  mistake A for B more often than not much less (not A, much less)
nag narrative nasty nation nationality nature naughty neat negligible  
negotiate nephew nerve nightmare nominate norm notation notice notion 
notorious nourish novelty nucleus nuisance null nursery nurture nutrition
|| (番外) nincompoop
 // (熟語) natural selection next door to (in) nine (cases, times) out of ten 
no less 〜 than no less than no more 〜 than no more than not A because B 
not altogether not more than not so much 〜 as now ... now [every] now and then 
now [that]
obedience oblige oblivion obscene obscure observe obsess obsolete obstacle 
obstruct occasion occupation occurrence odd offspring opponent oppress 
orbit ordeal orderly organic ornament otherwise outgrow outlet outrage 
outweigh overhear override overtake overwhelm
 || (番外)  objective
 // (熟語) of a Sunday (of an evening) of necessity 
of one's own accord (of its own accord) of the day on behalf of on duty + off duty 
on end on occasion on the air on the contrary on the off chance once (and) for all 
only too (... to) other than over and above
pant paralyse paramount parasite partial particle passage passion paternal 
pathetic patriotism peculiar peer penetrate pension perplex peril persist 
perspective pervert philanthropy physiology pierce pile pillar pious plague 
plausible plead pledge plight plot plough (plow) plunge 
pneumonic poke polygamy posterity postpone postulate pour 
power practical precede precept precise preclude predecessor predicate 
predict pregnant prehistoric prelude premature premise preoccupy prescribe 
prestige priest probability probe process proclaim profound propagate 
propensity proper prophecy proposition prosecute province provoke prudent 
puberty publicise (publicize) purify 
 || (番外) pedant
 // (熟語) part from part with pass away pass for penny wise (and) pound foolish
 persuade oneself (of) poetic justice prefer (A) to (B) provided [that] 
put 〜 to flight pull oneself together put something/somebody first 
put the cart before the horse put up with
Q.E.D. quaint quality quantitative quarter quasi quote
 || (番外)  queer
racial radiant radical raid ramify rattle react readiness realistic realm rear 
reasonable reasoning reassure rebel recall recapture recede recite recipient 
reckless reckon recollection reconcile rectangle recur redress reduce refine 
reflect refrain refuge regulate reign reinforce rejoice relation relic relieve 
relish reluctant remainder remedy reminiscence render renounce repay repent 
represent repress reproach reptile requisite resemble resent reside resign 
retort restrain resume retain reveal revenue reverence revert rhetric 
rhyme ridiculous riot ritual rot rouse rub
 || (番外) rational
 // (熟語) red tape refer to refrain from relieve (A) of (B)
remain to be done (seen) resort to  rest with result in return a verdict root out 
(a) rule of thumb run about run across run out of run the risk of
salute sanction scent sceptical scold scorn scramble scrutiny seclude secular 
seemingly segregate self-righteous senator sense serene sew shabby shallow 
shed sheer shirk shiver shortage shrewd shrink shudder simultaneoous 
singular skeleton slap slaughter sniff snobbery soar sob sober solemn soothe 
sore sour spacious spare specimen spectator sphere spontaneous stabilize stain 
stalk startle static stationary statue stature statute steep stem sterile stern 
stiff stigma stimulus strain stray stride strive stroll stubborn stuff subdue 
subjective submit subordinate subscribe subside subsidiary substance substitute 
succumb sue suggest suicide sullen summon superficial superfluous 
supersede suppress supremacy surgery surpass surplus surrender 
suspect suspend swallow swear swell swift symmetry symptom 
synthesis
 || (番外) sacrifice
 // (熟語) scratch one's head see eye to eye with see to it that seeing that set about 
set in set off (forth) shrug one's shoulders so far so much for so much so that 
so to speak something of speak out stand by stand for stand in need of stand out 
such and such / such-and-such such as it is / such as they are sum up (to sum up)
tact tame tangible tariff tear tease technical tedious temper tenant tentative 
terrestrial testify  testimony thereby threshold thrive thrust tissue toil 
tolerance toll torment trait tramp transcend transform transient transition 
transmit traverse treachery tremble trespass tribe tribunal trifle troop 
trouble truth tuberculosis twilight tyranny
 || (番外) true
 // (熟語) take 〜 for granted take in take on take over take refuge 
take the precaution of take to the chances are [that] the moment [that] 
the other way around (round) the struggle for existence the survival of the fittest 
to the contrary to the effect that  true for (of)  true to life  turn out  turn up
ultimate unanimous unconscious undergo underlie undermine undertake undo 
undue uneasy unilateral universal  unprecedented uphold upright upset utter
 || (番外) unfair
 // (熟語) under fire under way up and down up to upside down used to
vague valid vanish variable vegetation vehicle velocity vent venture verbal 
verdict verge verify vest veto vice vicious violate virulent vocation void 
vouch vow vulgar vulnerable
 || (番外) virtue
 // (熟語) vice versa 
wander warfare warn warrant weep whatsoever whim wholesome withdraw 
wither withhold withstand witness wizard worldly worship wreck wretched
 || (番外) wisdom
 // (熟語) wait on wear out well-to-do what if what we call when it comes to
wide of the mark witch hunt with all with interest with the result that 
without regard to [for] work on work out worth while would (had) sooner (A) than (B) 
wrapped up in
 || (番外) xenophobia
yawn yearly yell yield || 
(番外) youth
 // (熟語) yield to
zest  || (番外) zeal
比較
自動詞 lie の過去形 lay と 他動詞 lay の現在形を混同しないこと

伊藤和夫の本