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Portal Site for Russellian in Japan


Bertrand Russell's Vocabularies

ラッセル英単語・熟語_総合索引

 


「まえがき」


「まえがき」


「まえがき」

凡 例

  1. ラッセルの著作に使用されている単語及び熟語の用例集 (編集動機など)

  2. ごく簡単なもの(例:中学で学ぶ単語など)やあまり活用できそうもない難しい単語等は原則として除く

  3. 当面,単語と熟語を混在させる。必要があれば,単語集と熟語集に分割する。

  4. [用例の収集方法]
    (▲ は半角スペース)

    Google 検索エンジンを使い,
    「英単語▲site:http://russell-j.com/」
    「英単語1▲英単語2▲site:http://russell-j.com/」
    「"フレーズ"▲site:http://russell-j.com/」(必ず""で囲む)
    あるいは
    「▲"英熟語"▲site:http://russell-j.com/」(必ず""で囲む)
    等で検索し,その結果を使用。
   ★ Google の検索エンジンを利用した本ポータルサイト活用法(詳細版)

    【参考サイト:発音記号の覚え方
abduct abide abort abound abrupt absolutely absorb abstain absurd 
abuse accommodate accompany accumulate account accuse acquaintance 
acquiesce acute adapt addict adhere adjust adolescence adultery advantage 
advent adverse advocate aesthetic affection affirmative afflict affluent agent 
agitate agony alien allege alleviate allot ally allowance alteration alternative 
altruistic ambiguous ambivalent amend amiable ample anarchy anecdote 
anguish annoy anticipate antidote antiquated apathy apparent appetite 
applaud apply apprehend appreciate aptitude arbitrary archaic arctic 
ardent argue arouse arrest arrogant articulate artificial ascertain ascetic 
ascribe aspire assassination assault assent assert assess asset assign 
assimilate assume asylum atheist attentive attorney attract authentic 
authority autocracy avenge avert awe awkward axiom
 || (番外) asinine
 // (熟語) according as add to all but all of a sudden all the same allude to 
and the like anything but apart from as (A) as any (B) as (A) as ever as a rule
as far as (A) be concerned as for as it is as it were as opposed to as the case may be
as yet associate with 
at a loss at all cost at fault at length at once at one's disposal
at one's wits' end at stake at the mercy of at will attend to
balance ban banish bankrupt  banner barbarian bare barely barren bear befall 
beloved benefit benevolence beset bestow betray beverage bill bizarre blame 
blast bliss blockade bloom blunder blossom blunder boast bondage boredom 
bother bow breach breakdown breed bribe brood bruise bulk bully bunch 
burden bureaucracy bury bustle butcher 
  || (番外) Bolshevik
 // (熟語)  be beneath one's dignity  be bent on [upon]  be bound to 
be comparable to [with] be confronted with be content with 
be devoid of be done with be due to 
be endowed with be equal to  be hard up  be indignant at  be instrumental in 
be lost in  be obliged to be possessed by be subject to be to be weary of 
be well(badly) off become of bring up bump into but for by far by nature 
by oneself
cancer candid capable cardinal carriage carve cast catastrophe cause celebrate 
celebrity celibacy certain challenge chaotic charge chase cheat chill choke 
chronicle chuckle circumstances civic claim clap clarity class clause clench 
cling clinical clumsy coarse coerce coexist coherent coincidence collapse 
collision commemorate commend commit commodity commonplace communism 
commute compartment compassion compatible compel compensate competence 
compliment compress comprise compromise compulsory comrade concede conceit 
conceive concur condemn condition confer confidence confine confirm 
conform confound congenial conscience consent conservative considerate 
consolation consolidate conspicuous conspiracy constitute constraint contend 
context contingency contract contradiction controversy convention conversely 
convert convict convince coordinate corps corruption cosmic cosy [cozy] counsel
counterpart courtesy cram crave credit creed creep crest criterion 
critical crucial crude crusade cult curb cure curiosity currency curse curtail
 || (番外) Christian
 // (熟語) call for call off call upon (on) 〜 to (for)  can afford (to) 
cannot possibly (could not possibly) care for carry out carry over cater to close by 
come accros come into being (existence) come of age consist in cope with 
correspond to count on cut a figure 
damn dazzle deal debase deceased deceive decent decisive decline decorate 
deduct deed defect deference deficient defy delegate deliberate delusion 
demolish denote depict depose depreciate depressed deprive derive description 
desert designate desolate despot destined destitute detach detect deter 
deteriorate devastate deviation device diagnosis dictate differentiate diffuse 
dignity diligent dim dip disapprove disarmament discard discern discipline 
discontinue discourse discreet discriminate disgrace disguise disgust 
disinterested dismal dismay dismiss dispatch dispel dispense disperse displace 
disposition disregard disrupt dissent dissociation dissolve distil distort 
distract distress diverge diversity divert dividend divine dizzy doctrine 
domain domestic dominate doom dose drag drain drawback dread 
dreary drought drown drudgery dubious durable dynasty 
|| (番外) diabolic
  // (熟語) dawn on (upon) day in and day out (day in, day out) die down 
die hard die out dispense with do more harm than good do well to (do well not to) 
do with do without draw up dwell upon (on)
eccentric eclipse efficacy efficient elaborate elevate elicit eloquent emancipate
embargo embarrass embed embody embrace emigrate emit emphatic empirical 
empower enact enchant enclose encounter endanger endorse endow enforce 
engage  enhance enlighten enrich entail entitle envy epidemic equilibrium 
eradicate erect eruption esteem estimation ethnic evacuate evade evaporate 
evening evoke evolve exact exalt exasperate exceed exclusive excursion 
exemplify exempt exert exile expedition expel explicit exploit expose
 exquisite extinguish 
 || (番外) erroneous
 // (熟語) [the] ebb and flow embark on en masse entrust 〜 to (with)
equip 〜 with 〜 ever so / ever such explain away expose (A) to (B) 
extract (A) from (B)
fable facilitate faculty fallacy famine fanaticism fascinate fasten fatigue 
faulty feasible feast feat feature feeble fertile fetch fidelity filthy finite 
flavour [flavor] flaw flee flock flora fluctuate fold folly foresee foretell forgo 
formidable foster foul fraction fragile fragment frame franctic fraud 
frequency friction frown frustrate fuel function fundamental funeral fury 
futile
|| (番外) foolish
 // (熟語) fall a prey (victim) fall back upon first and foremost fit (A) into (B) 
flatter oneself follow suit for all for (all) practical purposes for fear (that) 〜 may 
for good or evil for oneself for the life of one for (from) want of (a) frame of mind 
(be) free from (be) free of fresh from from within from without
garment gasp gaze generation generosity genesis geology germ gifted given
glide glimpse global glow governor grace grain grant grasp gratify grave 
gravity greet grim grin gross ground growl guarantee guardian guilt 
gymnastics 
|| (番外) greedy
 // (熟語) gain ground get at get back get on get over get rid of 
get the better of give away give rise to give way go about go astray go on with 
go out of one's way (to) go so far as to go too far
habitual hail halt hardship harsh hatch haughty haunt heal heap heave 
heed heir hemisphere hence herd heredity heretic heritage heterogeneous 
hierarchy holy homogeneous honesty hospitality hostage hostility household 
humanity humble humbug humiliate hygiene hypocrisy hypothesis 
  || (番外) holy
 // (熟語) hand on hand out hand over hang about (around) hard of hearing
have a bearing on have an eye on have done with hear from hit upon (on)
identical ideology idle illicit illiterate immerse immortal immune impair impart 
impartial impede imperative impending implant implement implicit impoverish 
inaugurate incentive incident incorporate incur indecision independent indicate 
indignant indulge infection infidelity infinity inflict infringement ingenious 
ingenuous ingredient inhabitant inherent inherit initial  inn innate innovation 
insane inspect insult insurance intact integrate integrity intelligence intense 
intentional interfere intermit interrupt intervene intoxication intrigue intrinsic 
introductory intrude intuition invalid invert invest involve invoke irksome 
irony irrigation issue
 || (番外) ignorant
 // (熟語) I dare say (I daresay) idenfify A with B if anything if only 
in a row in a word in advance in all likelihood 
in charge of in defiance of in due course 
in [good (real)] earnest in effect 
in one's company in oneself
in place of (in one's place) in proportion as in retrospect 
in search of in store for 
in terms of in that in the air in the dead of in the face of in the interest(s) of 
in the long run in the matter of in the meantime in the middle of 
in the way of / in one's way in turn 
it follows that
jaw Jewish judicial judicious jury justice justify juvenile
 || (番外) jolly
 // (熟語) just so
keen kindergarten kindle kindred kinship kitten kneel
 || (番外) knowledge
 // (熟語) keep 〜 at a distance (keep one's distance)  keep (hold) 〜 at bay 
keep (oneself) to oneself keep 〜 out keep an eye on keep down kill time 
know (A) from (B) know better (than to) know of know the ropes
lag lament landlord lapse latitude launch lawsuit lax layer layman lean leap 
legacy legal legend legislation legitimate  lengthy  lessen lesson lethargic 
liable liberal lightning limb linger literally loathe lofty lot love lucrative 
lump lunatic lure luxury 
 || (番外) liberty

 // (熟語) lean against learn by heart leave behind lest 〜 should lie in
lie on one's face (back, side) live on live up to live with long for (after) 
look 〜 in the face look into look to (A) for (B)
machinery maintain maintain majesty malice mammal manage manifold 
manipulate marginal marital masculine masscre material maternal mature 
maxim meagre (AmE. meager) meanness meanwhile measure mediate mediocre 
meditate menace mercy merge mess metaphor meteor midnight millennium 
mingle minute misery mistress mitigate mob mobile mock moderate 
modern modify molecule monarchy monetary monopoly monotonous morbid 
mortal motivate mould mount multiply  mumble municipal mute myth
 || (番外) mystery
 // (熟語) make a point of *ing make believe (make-believe) make for 
make one's way make out make the most (best) of make up for may as well  
may well  mistake A for B more often than not much less (not A, much less)
nag naive narrative nasty nation nationality nature naughty neat necessitate 
negligible  negotiate nephew nerve nightmare nominal nominate norm 
notation notice notion notorious nourish novelty nucleus nuisance null 
nursery nurture nutrition
|| (番外) nincompoop
 // (熟語) natural selection next door to (in) nine (cases, times) out of ten 
no less 〜 than no less than no more 〜 than no more than not A because B 
not altogether not more than not so much 〜 as now ... now [every] now and then 
now [that]
obedience oblige oblivion obscene obscure observe obsess obsolete obstacle 
obstruct occasion occupation occurrence odd offend offset offspring opponent 
oppress orbit ordeal orderly organic ornament otherwise outgrow 
outlet outrage outweigh overhear override overshadow overtake overwhelm
 || (番外)  objective
 // (熟語) of a Sunday (of an evening) of necessity 
of one's own accord (of its own accord) of the day on behalf of on duty + off duty 
on end on occasion on the air on the contrary on the off chance on the market 
once (and) for all only too (... to) other than over and above
pant paralyse paramount parasite partial particle passage passion paternal 
pathetic patriotism peck peculiar pedestrian peer penetrate pension perennial 
peril perplex persist perspective pervert philanthropy physiology pierce pile 
pilgrim pillar pious plague plausible plead pledge plight plot plough (plow) 
pluck plunge pneumonia poke polygamy posterity postpone postulate pour 
power practical precede precept precise preclude predecessor predicate 
predict pregnant prehistoric prelude premature premise preoccupy preparatory 
prescribe prestige priest probability probe process proclaim proficient profound 
prominent propagate propensity proper prophecy proposition prosecute province 
provoke prudent psycho (psycho-analysis) puberty publicise (publicize) purge 
purify 
 || (番外) pedant
 // (熟語) part from part with pass away pass for penny wise (and) pound foolish
 persuade oneself (of) poetic justice prefer (A) to (B) provided [that] 
put 〜 to flight pull oneself together put something/somebody first 
put the cart before the horse put up with
Q.E.D. quaint quality quantitative quarter quasi quote
 || (番外)  queer
racial radiant radical raid ramify rattle react readiness realistic realm rear 
reasonable reasoning reassure rebel recall recapture recede recipient reciprocal 
recite reckless reckon recollection reconcile rectangle recur redress 
reduce refine reflect refrain refuge refute regulate reign reinforce rejoice 
relation relic relieve relinquish relish reluctant remainder remedy reminiscence 
render renounce repay repent represent repress reproach reptile requisite 
resemble resent reside resign restrain resume retain retort reveal revenue 
reverence revert rhetoric rhyme ridiculous riot ritual robust rot rouse 
rub ruthless
 || (番外) rational
 // (熟語) red tape refer to refrain from relieve (A) of (B)
remain to be done (seen) resort to  rest with result in return a verdict root out 
(a) rule of thumb rule out run about run across run out of run the risk of
sage salute sanction sanitary scent sceptical scold scorn scramble screening 
scrutiny seclude secular seemingly segregate self-righteous senator sense 
sensual serene settle sew shabby shareholder shed sheer shirk shiver shortage 
shred shrewd shrink shudder simultaneous shallow singular skeleton slap 
slaughter sniff snobbery soar sob sober solemn solidarity solitude soothe sore 
sour sovereign spacious spare sparse specimen spectator sphere spontaneous 
stabilize stagnant stain stalk startle static stationary statue stature statute 
steep stem sterile stern stiff stigma stimulus strain stray strenuous stride 
strive stroll stubborn stuff subdue subjective sublime submit subordinate 
subscribe subside subsidiary substance substitute succumb sue suggest 
suicide sullen summon superficial superfluous supersede suppress supremacy 
surgery surge surpass surplus surrender suspect suspend swallow swear 
swell swift symmetry symptom synthesis
 || (番外) sacrifice
 // (熟語) scratch one's head see eye to eye with see to it that seeing that 
serve to do set about set in set off (forth) shrug one's shoulders so far so much for 
so much so that so to speak something of speak out stand by stand for 
stand in need of stand out stand still such and such / such-and-such 
such as it is / such as they are sum up (to sum up)
tact tame tangible tariff taxation tear tease technical tedious temper temporary 
tenant tentative terminate terrestrial testify  testimony thereby thesis 
threshold thrive thrust tiresome tissue toil tolerance toll torment trait tramp 
transcend transform transient transition transmit traverse treachery tremble 
trespass tribe tribunal trifle troop trouble truth tuberculosis tumble turbulent 
twilight twofold tyranny
 || (番外) true
 // (熟語) take 〜 for granted take in take on take over take refuge 
take the precaution of take to the chances are [that] the moment [that] 
the other way around (round) the struggle for existence the survival of the fittest 
threaten to to the contrary to the effect that  trace A (back) to B 
true for (of)  true to life  turn out  turn up
ultimate unanimous unconscious undergo underlie undermine undertake undo 
undue uneasy unilateral universal  unprecedented uphold upright upset urge 
usage utter
 || (番外) unfair
 // (熟語) under fire under way up and down up to upside down used to
vague valid valuation vanish variable vegetation vehicle velocity vent 
venture verbal verdict verge verify vest veto vice vicious violate virulent 
vocation vogue void volatile vouch vow vulgar vulnerable
 || (番外) virtue
 // (熟語) vice versa 
wander warfare warn warrant weep whatsoever whim whip whisper wholesome 
withdraw wither withhold withstand witness wizard worldly worship 
wreck wretched
 || (番外) wisdom
 // (熟語) wait on wear out well-to-do what if what we call when it comes to
wide of the mark witch hunt with all with interest with the result that 
without regard to [for] work on work out worth while would (had) sooner (A) than (B) 
wrapped up in
 || (番外) xenophobia
yawn yearly yell yield || 
(番外) youth
 // (熟語) yield to
zest  || (番外) zeal
比較
自動詞 lie の過去形 lay と 他動詞 lay の現在形を混同しないこと

伊藤和夫の本