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Portal Site for Russellian in Japan


Bertrand Russell's Vocabularies

ラッセル英単語・熟語_総合索引

 


「まえがき」


「まえがき」


「まえがき」

凡 例

  1. ラッセルの著作に使用されている単語及び熟語の用例集 (編集動機など)

  2. ごく簡単なもの(例:中学で学ぶ単語など)やあまり活用できそうもない難しい単語等は原則として除く

  3. 当面,単語と熟語を混在させる。必要があれば,単語集と熟語集に分割する。

  4. [用例の収集方法]
    (▲ は半角スペース)

    Google 検索エンジンを使い,
    「"バートランド・ラッセル"▲"英単語"▲site:http://russell-j.com/」
    あるいは
    「"バートランド・ラッセル"▲"英熟語"▲site:http://russell-j.com/」
    等で検索し,その結果を使用。
   ★ Google の検索エンジンを利用した本ポータルサイト活用法(詳細版)

    【参考サイト:発音記号の読み方と覚え方
abduct abort abound absolutely absorb abstain absurd abuse accommodate 
accompany accumulate account accuse acquaintance acquiesce adapt 
addict adhere adolescence advent adverse advocate aesthetic afflict affection 
affirmative agent agony alien allege alleviate allot ally alternative altruistic 
ambiguous ambivalent amiable ample anarchy anecdote annoy anticipate 
antidote antiquated apathy apparent appetite applaud apply apprehend 
aptitude arbitrary argue arouse arrest arrogant articulate artificial ascertain 
ascetic ascribe assault assent assert assess assign assimilate assume atheist 
attorney attract authentic authority autocracy avenge avert awe awkward 
axiom
 || (番外) asinine
 // (熟語) according as all but all of a sudden all the same allude to 
and the like anything but apart from as (A) as any (B) as (A) as ever as a rule
as far as (A) be concerned as for as it is as it were as opposed to as the case may be
as yet associate with at a loss at all cost at length at once at one's disposal
at one's wits' end at the mercy of at will attend to
balance ban banish bankrupt barbarian bare barely barren bear befall 
benefit benevolence beset bestow bill blame blast blockade blossom blunder boast 
boredom bother bow breakdown breed brood bruise bully bunch burden
bureaucracy bury
  || (番外) Bolshevik
 // (熟語)  be beneath one's dignity  be bent on [upon]  be bound to 
be confronted with be content with  be devoid of be done with be due to 
be endowed with be equal to  be hard up  be indignant at  be lost in 
be obliged to be possessed by be subject to be to be weary of be well(badly) off 
become of bring up bump into by far by nature by oneself
cardinal carriage carve cause celebrate celebrity celibacy certain challenge 
charge chill choke circumstances claim class clench clumsy coherent 
coincidence collapse collision commit communism commute compartment 
compassion compatible comepetence compliment compress compromise comrade
concede conceit conceive condemn condition confidence confine confirm 
conform confound congenial conscience consent conservative consolation 
conspicuous constitute constraint contend contract contradiction convention 
convert convict coordinate corruption courtesy cram crave credit creep 
critical crucial cult cure currency curse
 || (番外) Christian
 // (熟語) call for call off call upon (on) 〜 to (for)  can afford (to) 
cannot possibly (could not possibly) care for carry out cater to close by 
come accros come into being (existence) come of age consist in cope with 
correspond to cut a figure 
damn debase deceive decent decline deduct deference defy delegate delusion 
denote depict depreciate deprive derive description desert designate desolate 
destitute detach detect deter deteriorate devastate device diagnosis diligent 
diffuse dip disapprove disarmament discard discipline discern discreet 
discriminate disgrace disguise disgust disinterested dismal dismay 
dismiss dispense disposition disrupt dissent dissolve distil distort distract 
distress diversity divert divine dizzy doctrine domestic dominate doom dose 
drag drain drawback dread drought drown drudgery dubious durable dynasty 
|| (番外) diabolic
  // (熟語) dawn on (upon) day in and day out (day in, day out) die down 
die hard die out dispense with do more harm than good do well to (do well not to) 
do with do without draw up dwell upon (on)
eccentric eclipse efficient elaborate elicit emancipate embarrass embody embrace
emigrate emit empirical enact enchant enclose encounter endanger endorse enforce 
engage enhance entitle envy epidemic eradicate erect eruption esteem evade 
evaporate evening evoke evolve exact exalt exasperate exceed exemplify 
exempt exert exile expedition expel explicit exploit extinguish
 || (番外) erroneous
 // (熟語) [the] ebb and flow embark on en masse entrust 〜 to (with)
equip 〜 with 〜 ever so / ever such explain away expose (A) to (B) 
extract (A) from (B)
fable facilitate faculty fallacy famine fanaticism fascinate fatigue feast feat 
feature feeble fertile fetch fidelity filthy finite flee fluctuate folly foresee 
foretell forgo formidable foul fraction fragile fragment frame franctic 
frequency friction frown function fundamental funeral fury futile
|| (番外) foolish
 // (熟語) fall a prey (victim) fall back upon fit (A) into (B) flatter oneself 
follow suit for all for (all) practical purposes for fear (that) 〜 may for good or evil 
for oneself for the life of one for (from) want of (a) frame of mind (be) free from 
(be) free of fresh from from within from without
garment gasp generation generosity genesis geology germ gifted given
glimpse global glow governor grace grain grant grasp gratify grave 
gravity greet grim grin gross ground growl guarantee guilt
|| (番外) greedy
 // (熟語) gain ground get at get back get on get over get rid of 
get the better of give away give rise to give way go about go astray go on with 
go out of one's way (to) go so far as to go too far
habitual halt hardship harsh hatch haughty haunt heal heap heed heir 
herd heredity heretic heritage heterogeneous hierarchy holy homogeneous 
honesty hospitality hostility household humanity humble humbug humiliate 
hygiene hypocrisy hypothesis 
  || (番外) holy
 // (熟語) hand on hand out hand over hang about (around) hard of hearing
have a bearing on have an eye on have done with hear from hit upon (on)
identical ideology idle illiterate immune impair impart impartial imperative 
impoverish incentive incident incorporate indecision independent indicate 
indignant indulge infection infidelity infinity inflict infringement ingenious 
ingenuous ingredient inhabitant inherent initial innate innovation insane 
inspect insult insurance integrate intelligence intense interfere intermit 
interrupt intervene intoxication intrigue intrinsic intrude intuition invalid 
invest involve irksome irony irrigation issue
 || (番外) ignorant
 // (熟語) I dare say (I daresay) idenfify A with B if anything if only in a row 
in a word in advance in all likelihood in charge of in defiance of in due course 
in [good (real)] earnest in effect in one's company in oneself
in place of (in one's place) in proportion as in retrospect in search of in store for 
in terms of in that in the air in the dead of in the face of in the interest(s) of 
in the long run in the matter of in the middle of in the way of / in one's way in turn 
it follows that
jaw judicial judicious jury justice justify juvenile
 || (番外) jolly
 // (熟語) just so
keen kindergarten kinship kitten kneel
 || (番外) knowledge
 // (熟語) keep 〜 at a distance (keep one's distance)  keep (hold) 〜 at bay 
keep (oneself) to oneself keep 〜 out keep an eye on keep down kill time 
know (A) from (B) know better (than to) know of know the ropes
lament lapse latitude launch layer layman lean leap legacy legal legend
legislation legitimate lessen lesson lethargic liable liberal limb lightning linger 
literally loathe lofty lot love lump lunatic lure 
 || (番外) liberty

 // (熟語) lean against learn by heart leave behind lest 〜 should lie in
lie on one's face (back, side) live on live up to live with long for (after) 
look 〜 in the face look into look to (A) for (B)
machinery maintain malevolent malice mammal manage manifold manipulate 
marginal masculine material maternal maxim meagre (AmE. meager) meanness 
measure mediate mediocre meditate menace mercy metaphor meteor midnight 
mingle minute misery mistress mock modern modify molecule monarchy 
monopoly monotonous mortal mould mount multiply myth
 || (番外) mystery
 // (熟語) make a point of *ing make believe (make-believe) make for 
make one's way make out make the most (best) of make up for may as well  
may well  mistake A for B more often than not much less (not A, much less)
nag nasty nation nationality nature naughty neat negligible  negotiate 
nephew nerve nightmare nominate norm notice notion notorious nourish 
novelty nuisance null nursery nurture nutrition
|| (番外) nincompoop
 // (熟語) natural selection next door to (in) nine (cases, times) out of ten 
no less 〜 than no less than no more 〜 than no more than not A because B 
not altogether not more than not so much 〜 as now ... now [every] now and then 
now [that]
obedience oblige oblivion obscure observe obsess obsolete obstacle obstruct
occasion occupation occurrence odd offspring opponent oppress orbit ordeal 
organic ornament otherwise outgrow outlet outrage overhear overtake 
overwhelm
 || (番外)  objective
 // (熟語) of a Sunday (of an evening) of necessity 
of one's own accord (of its own accord) of the day on behalf of on duty + off duty 
on end on occasion on the air on the contrary on the off chance once (and) for all 
only too (... to) other than over and above
pant paralyse partial particle passage passion paternal pathetic patriotism 
peculiar peer penetrate pension perplex peril persist perspective pierce pile 
pious plague plead plight plot plough (plow) plunge polygamy posterity 
postpone postulate pour power practical precede precept precise predecessor 
predicate predict pregnant premature premise prescribe prestige priest 
probability process proclaim profound proper proposition prosecute provoke 
prudent puberty
 || (番外) pedant
 // (熟語) part from part with pass away pass for penny wise (and) pound foolish
 persuade oneself (of) poetic justice prefer (A) to (B) provided [that] 
put 〜 to flight pull oneself together put something/somebody first 
put the cart before the horse put up with
Q.E.D. quaint quality quantitative quarter quasi quote
 || (番外)  queer
radiant radical ramify react realistic rear reasonable reassure rebel recall 
recapture recede recite reckless reckon recollection reconcile rectangle recur 
reduce refine reflect refuge regulate reinforce rejoice relation relieve reluctant 
remedy reminiscence render renounce represent repress reproach resemble 
resent reside resign retort restrain resume retain revenue revert riot ritual rot 
rouse
 || (番外) rational
 // (熟語) red tape refer to refrain from relieve (A) of (B)
remain to be done (seen) resort to  rest with result in return a verdict root out 
(a) rule of thumb run about run across run out of run the risk of
sanction scent sceptical scold scorn scrutiny seclude seemingly self-righteous 
sense serene sew shabby shallow shed sheer shirk shiver shortage shrewd 
shrink shudder simultaneoous singular slap slaughter snobbery soar sober 
solemn soothe sour spare specimen spectator sphere spontaneous stabilize stain 
stalk statue stature stem sterile stern stiff strain stray strive stroll stuff 
subdue subjective submit subordinate subscribe subside substance substitute 
succumb sue suggest sullen superficial superfluous supersede suppress surgery 
surpass surrender suspend swallow swear swell symptom synthesis
 || (番外) sacrifice
 // (熟語) scratch one's head see eye to eye with see to it that seeing that set about 
set in set off (forth) shrug one's shoulders so far so much for so much so that 
so to speak something of speak out stand by stand for stand in need of stand out 
such and such / such-and-such such as it is / such as they are sum up (to sum up)
tact tame tangible tear tease technical tedious temper tentative terrestrial 
testify  testimony thereby thrive thrust tissue toil tolerance toll torment 
trait tramp transcend transform transient transition traverse trifle trouble 
truth twilight tyranny
 || (番外) true
 // (熟語) take 〜 for granted take in take on take over take refuge 
take the precaution of take to the chances are [that] the moment [that] 
the other way around (round) the struggle for existence the survival of the fittest 
to the contrary to the effect that  true for (of)  true to life  turn out  turn up
ultimate unanimous unconscious undergo underlie undermine undertake undo 
undue uneasy unilateral universal  unprecedented uphold upright upset utter
 || (番外) unfair
 // (熟語) under fire under way up and down up to upside down used to
vague valid vanish variable vehicle velocity vent venture verbal verdict 
verge verify vice vicious violate vocation vouch vow vulgar vulnerable
 || (番外) virtue
 // (熟語) vice versa 
wander warfare warn warrant weep whatsoever wholesome withdraw wither 
withhold withstand witness worship wreck wretched
 || (番外) wisdom
 // (熟語) wait on wear out well-to-do what if what we call when it comes to
wide of the mark witch hunt with all with interest with the result that 
without regard to [for] work on work out worth while would (had) sooner (A) than (B) 
wrapped up in
 || (番外) xenophobia
yawn yell yield || 
(番外) youth
 // (熟語) yield to
zest  || (番外) zeal
比較
自動詞 lie の過去形 lay と 他動詞 lay の現在形を混同しないこと

伊藤和夫の本