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Portal Site for Russellian in Japan


Bertrand Russell's Vocabularies

ラッセル英単語・熟語_総合索引

 


「まえがき」


「まえがき」


「まえがき」

凡 例

  1. ラッセルの著作に使用されている単語及び熟語の用例集 (編集動機など)

  2. ごく簡単なもの(例:中学で学ぶ単語など)やあまり活用できそうもない難しい単語等は原則として除く

  3. 当面,単語と熟語を混在させる。必要があれば,単語集と熟語集に分割する。

  4. [用例の収集方法]
    (▲ は半角スペース)

    Google 検索エンジンを使い,
    「英単語▲site:http://russell-j.com/」
    「英単語1▲英単語2▲site:http://russell-j.com/」
    「"フレーズ"▲site:http://russell-j.com/」(必ず""で囲む)
    あるいは
    「▲"英熟語"▲site:http://russell-j.com/」(必ず""で囲む)
    等で検索し,その結果を使用。
   ★ Google の検索エンジンを利用した本ポータルサイト活用法(詳細版)

    【参考サイト:発音記号の読み方と覚え方
abduct abide abort abound abrupt absolutely absorb abstain absurd abuse 
accommodate accompany accumulate account accuse acquaintance acquiesce 
adapt addict adhere adolescence advent adverse advocate aesthetic afflict 
affection affirmative agent agony alien allege alleviate allot ally alternative 
altruistic ambiguous ambivalent amiable ample anarchy anecdote annoy 
anticipate antidote antiquated apathy apparent appetite applaud apply 
apprehend aptitude arbitrary ardour argue arouse arrest arrogant articulate 
artificial ascertain ascetic ascribe assault assent assert assess assign assimilate 
assume atheist attorney attract authentic authority autocracy avenge avert 
awe awkward axiom
 || (番外) asinine
 // (熟語) according as all but all of a sudden all the same allude to 
and the like anything but apart from as (A) as any (B) as (A) as ever as a rule
as far as (A) be concerned as for as it is as it were as opposed to as the case may be
as yet associate with at a loss at all cost at length at once at one's disposal
at one's wits' end at the mercy of at will attend to
balance ban banish bankrupt barbarian bare barely barren bear befall 
benefit benevolence beset bestow betray bill blame blast bliss blockade 
bloom blunder blossom blunder boast boredom bother bow breakdown breed 
brood bruise bully bunch burden bureaucracy bury
  || (番外) Bolshevik
 // (熟語)  be beneath one's dignity  be bent on [upon]  be bound to 
be confronted with be content with  be devoid of be done with be due to 
be endowed with be equal to  be hard up  be indignant at  be lost in 
be obliged to be possessed by be subject to be to be weary of be well(badly) off 
become of bring up bump into but for by far by nature by oneself
capable cardinal carriage carve cast catastrophe cause celebrate celebrity celibacy 
certain challenge charge chase cheat chill choke chuckle circumstances claim 
clap clarity class clench cling clumsy coarse coerce coherent coincidence 
collapse collision commit commodity communism commute compartment compassion 
compatible compel compensate competence compliment compress compromise 
comrade concede conceit conceive condemn condition confidence confine confirm 
conform confound congenial conscience consent conservative consolation 
conspicuous constitute constraint contend context contract contradiction controversy 
convention convert convict coordinate corruption courtesy cram crave credit 
creep critical crucial crude cult cure curiosity currency curse
 || (番外) Christian
 // (熟語) call for call off call upon (on) 〜 to (for)  can afford (to) 
cannot possibly (could not possibly) care for carry out cater to close by 
come accros come into being (existence) come of age consist in cope with 
correspond to cut a figure 
damn dazzle deal debase deceive decent decline deduct deed defect deference 
defy delegate deliberation delusion denote depict depreciate deprive derive 
descriptiondesert designate desolate despot destitute detach detect deter 
deteriorate devastate device diagnosis diligent diffuse dimly dip disapprove 
disarmament discard discipline discern discreet discriminate disgrace disguise 
disgust disinterested dismal dismay dismiss dispense disposition disregard disrupt 
dissent dissolve distil distort distract distress diversity divert divine dizzy 
doctrine domain domestic dominate doom dose drag drain drawback dread 
dreary drought drown drudgery dubious durable dynasty 
|| (番外) diabolic
  // (熟語) dawn on (upon) day in and day out (day in, day out) die down 
die hard die out dispense with do more harm than good do well to (do well not to) 
do with do without draw up dwell upon (on)
eccentric eclipse efficient elaborate elicit eloquent emancipate embarrass embody
embrace emigrate emit empirical enact enchant enclose encounter endanger endorse 
endow enforce engage enhance entitle envy epidemic eradicate erect 
eruption esteem evade evaporate evening evoke evolve exact exalt exasperate 
exceed exemplify exempt exert exile expedition expel explicit exploit expose 
extinguish
 || (番外) erroneous
 // (熟語) [the] ebb and flow embark on en masse entrust 〜 to (with)
equip 〜 with 〜 ever so / ever such explain away expose (A) to (B) 
extract (A) from (B)
fable facilitate faculty fallacy famine fanaticism fascinate fatigue feast feat 
feature feeble fertile fetch fidelity filthy finite flavour [flavor] flaw flee flock 
fluctuate fold folly foresee foretell forgo formidable foul fraction fragile 
fragment frame franctic frequency friction frown function fundamental funeral 
fury futile
|| (番外) foolish
 // (熟語) fall a prey (victim) fall back upon fit (A) into (B) flatter oneself 
follow suit for all for (all) practical purposes for fear (that) 〜 may for good or evil 
for oneself for the life of one for (from) want of (a) frame of mind (be) free from 
(be) free of fresh from from within from without
garment gasp generation generosity genesis geology germ gifted given
glimpse global glow governor grace grain grant grasp gratify grave 
gravity greet grim grin gross ground growl guarantee guilt
|| (番外) greedy
 // (熟語) gain ground get at get back get on get over get rid of 
get the better of give away give rise to give way go about go astray go on with 
go out of one's way (to) go so far as to go too far
habitual halt hardship harsh hatch haughty haunt heal heap heed heir 
hemisphere herd heredity heretic heritage heterogeneous hierarchy holy 
homogeneous honesty hospitality hostility household humanity humble humbug 
humiliate hygiene hypocrisy hypothesis 
  || (番外) holy
 // (熟語) hand on hand out hand over hang about (around) hard of hearing
have a bearing on have an eye on have done with hear from hit upon (on)
identical ideology idle illiterate immune impair impart impartial imperative 
impoverish incentive incident incorporate indecision independent indicate 
indignant indulge infection infidelity infinity inflict infringement ingenious 
ingenuous ingredient inhabitant inherent inherit initial innate innovation insane 
inspect insult insurance integrate intelligence intense interfere intermit 
interrupt intervene intoxication intrigue intrinsic intrude intuition invalid 
invest involve irksome irony irrigation issue
 || (番外) ignorant
 // (熟語) I dare say (I daresay) idenfify A with B if anything if only in a row 
in a word in advance in all likelihood in charge of in defiance of in due course 
in [good (real)] earnest in effect in one's company in oneself
in place of (in one's place) in proportion as in retrospect in search of in store for 
in terms of in that in the air in the dead of in the face of in the interest(s) of 
in the long run in the matter of in the middle of in the way of / in one's way in turn 
it follows that
jaw judicial judicious jury justice justify juvenile
 || (番外) jolly
 // (熟語) just so
keen kindergarten kinship kitten kneel
 || (番外) knowledge
 // (熟語) keep 〜 at a distance (keep one's distance)  keep (hold) 〜 at bay 
keep (oneself) to oneself keep 〜 out keep an eye on keep down kill time 
know (A) from (B) know better (than to) know of know the ropes
lament lapse latitude launch layer layman lean leap legacy legal legend
legislation legitimate lessen lesson lethargic liable liberal limb lightning linger 
literally loathe lofty lot love lump lunatic lure 
 || (番外) liberty

 // (熟語) lean against learn by heart leave behind lest 〜 should lie in
lie on one's face (back, side) live on live up to live with long for (after) 
look 〜 in the face look into look to (A) for (B)
machinery maintain malevolent malice mammal manage manifold manipulate 
marginal marital masculine material maternal mature maxim 
meagre (AmE. meager) meanness measure mediate mediocre meditate menace 
mercy mess metaphor meteor midnight mingle minute misery mistress mock 
modern modify molecule monarchy monopoly monotonous morbid mortal 
mould mount multiply  municipal myth
 || (番外) mystery
 // (熟語) make a point of *ing make believe (make-believe) make for 
make one's way make out make the most (best) of make up for may as well  
may well  mistake A for B more often than not much less (not A, much less)
nag narrative nasty nation nationality nature naughty neat negligible  negotiate 
nephew nerve nightmare nominate norm notice notion notorious nourish 
novelty nuisance null nursery nurture nutrition
|| (番外) nincompoop
 // (熟語) natural selection next door to (in) nine (cases, times) out of ten 
no less 〜 than no less than no more 〜 than no more than not A because B 
not altogether not more than not so much 〜 as now ... now [every] now and then 
now [that]
obedience oblige oblivion obscure observe obsess obsolete obstacle obstruct
occasion occupation occurrence odd offspring opponent oppress orbit ordeal 
organic ornament otherwise outgrow outlet outrage overhear overtake 
overwhelm
 || (番外)  objective
 // (熟語) of a Sunday (of an evening) of necessity 
of one's own accord (of its own accord) of the day on behalf of on duty + off duty 
on end on occasion on the air on the contrary on the off chance once (and) for all 
only too (... to) other than over and above
pant paralyse parasite partial particle passage passion paternal pathetic 
patriotism peculiar peer penetrate pension perplex peril persist perspective pierce 
pile pious plague plausible plead plight plot plough (plow) plunge polygamy 
posterity postpone postulate pour power practical precede precept precise 
predecessor predicate predict pregnant prelude premature premise preoccupy 
prescribe prestige priest probability process proclaim profound proper prophecy 
proposition prosecute province provoke prudent puberty
 || (番外) pedant
 // (熟語) part from part with pass away pass for penny wise (and) pound foolish
 persuade oneself (of) poetic justice prefer (A) to (B) provided [that] 
put 〜 to flight pull oneself together put something/somebody first 
put the cart before the horse put up with
Q.E.D. quaint quality quantitative quarter quasi quote
 || (番外)  queer
radiant radical ramify react realistic rear reasonable reassure rebel recall 
recapture recede recite reckless reckon recollection reconcile rectangle recur 
reduce refine reflect refuge regulate reign reinforce rejoice relation relic 
relieve relish reluctant remedy reminiscence render renounce repay repent 
represent repress reproach reptile resemble resent reside resign retort restrain 
resume retain reveal revenue reverence revert ridiculous riot ritual rot rouse 
rhyme
 || (番外) rational
 // (熟語) red tape refer to refrain from relieve (A) of (B)
remain to be done (seen) resort to  rest with result in return a verdict root out 
(a) rule of thumb run about run across run out of run the risk of
salute sanction scent sceptical scold scorn scrutiny seclude seemingly segregate 
self-righteous sense serene sew shabby shallow shed sheer shirk shiver 
shortage shrewd shrink shudder simultaneoous singular slap slaughter snobbery 
soar sober solemn soothe sour spare specimen spectator sphere spontaneous 
stabilize stain stalk startle statue stature stem sterile stern stiff stigma strain 
stray strive stroll stubborn stuff subdue subjective submit subordinate subscribe 
subside substance substitute succumb sue suggest suicide sullen summon 
superficial superfluous supersede suppress surgery surpass surplus surrender 
suspend suspect swallow swear swell symptom synthesis
 || (番外) sacrifice
 // (熟語) scratch one's head see eye to eye with see to it that seeing that set about 
set in set off (forth) shrug one's shoulders so far so much for so much so that 
so to speak something of speak out stand by stand for stand in need of stand out 
such and such / such-and-such such as it is / such as they are sum up (to sum up)
tact tame tangible tear tease technical tedious temper tentative terrestrial 
testify  testimony thereby thrive thrust tissue toil tolerance toll torment 
trait tramp transcend transform transient transition transmit traverse treachery 
tremble trifle trouble truth twilight tyranny
 || (番外) true
 // (熟語) take 〜 for granted take in take on take over take refuge 
take the precaution of take to the chances are [that] the moment [that] 
the other way around (round) the struggle for existence the survival of the fittest 
to the contrary to the effect that  true for (of)  true to life  turn out  turn up
ultimate unanimous unconscious undergo underlie undermine undertake undo 
undue uneasy unilateral universal  unprecedented uphold upright upset utter
 || (番外) unfair
 // (熟語) under fire under way up and down up to upside down used to
vague valid vanish variable vehicle velocity vent venture verbal verdict 
verge verify vice vicious violate vocation void vouch vow vulgar vulnerable
 || (番外) virtue
 // (熟語) vice versa 
wander warfare warn warrant weep whatsoever whim wholesome withdraw 
wither withhold withstand witness worship wreck wretched
 || (番外) wisdom
 // (熟語) wait on wear out well-to-do what if what we call when it comes to
wide of the mark witch hunt with all with interest with the result that 
without regard to [for] work on work out worth while would (had) sooner (A) than (B) 
wrapped up in
 || (番外) xenophobia
yawn yell yield || 
(番外) youth
 // (熟語) yield to
zest  || (番外) zeal
比較
自動詞 lie の過去形 lay と 他動詞 lay の現在形を混同しないこと

伊藤和夫の本