(本館)  (トップ)  (分館)

目次

ラッセル英単語・熟語


gratify (n) [喜ばせる,満足させる;満たす]

* gratifying (adj.):満足を与える,満足な,心地よい
The desire for excitement is very deep-seated in human beings, especially in males. I suppose that in the hunting stage it was more easily gratified than it has been since.
[興奮したいという欲求は,人間,特に男性において非常に根強いものである。この欲求は,狩猟生活の時代には,それ以後よりも容易に満たされていただろうと思う。
 出典:ラッセル『幸福論』第4章 競争」]

For one reason or another a very large proportion of married women in civilized countries fail to have a satisfying sex life. When this happens to a woman she is apt to seek from her children an illegitimate and spurious gratification of desires which only men can gratify adequately and naturally.
[あれやこれやの理由で,文明国の実に多くの既婚女性は,満ち足りた性生活ができないでいる。こういうことが女性に起こると,彼女は,男性にしか十分にまた自然に満たすことのできない欲求を,我が子によって不合理かつ偽りの形で満たそうとしがちである。
 出典:ラッセル『教育論』第11章「競争」]

But man differs from other animals in one very important respect, and that is that he has some desires which are, so to speak, infinite, which can never be fully gratified, and which would keep him restless even in Paradise.
[しかし,人間は一つのきわめて重大な点において他の動物たちと異なっており,それは人間には,言わば,無限の欲求が幾つかあり、それらの欲求は決して十分には満足させることのできないものであり,天国においてさえも人間をそわそわさせておくだろう,ということです。]
 出典:ラッセル政治的に重要な欲求(ノーベル章受賞記念講演)」]

It gratified me to see how much my wedding present was appreciated. / It is gratifying to see the widespread response to our charity appeal.
[ 出典:Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, new ed.]

I was gratified by their invitations. / It is gratifying to see such good results.
[ 出典:Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary, 8th ed.]