(本館)  (トップ)  (分館)

目次

ラッセル英単語・熟語


★ insurance (n) [保険,保障; 保険金]

* insure (v):保障する
* life insurance :生命保険 / unemployment insurance : 雇用保険 / fire insurance : 火災保険
* a health insurance card : 健康保険証
* 森一郎『試験に出る英単語』p.128説明:in < en = 〜にする; sure = 「確かな」 → 「確かなものにする → 保障する」

Economic security has been one of the most important aims of modern British legislation. Insurance against unemployment, sickness, and destitution in old age, has removed from the lives of wage-earners a great deal of painful uncertainty as to their future. Medical security has been promoted by measures which have greatly increased the average length of life and diminished the amount of illness.
* destitution (n):極貧,窮乏
[経済的保障は近代イギリス立法の最も重要な目的の一つであった。失業・疾病・老後の窮乏に対する保険は賃銀労働者の生活から,彼等の将来についての痛ましい不安を大いに除去した。医療保障は,平均寿命を大幅に延ばし,病気の量を減らした諸種の施策によって,促進されて来た。
 出典:佐山栄太郎(編)『訳注ラッセル選』の中の「安全な生活は必ずしも幸福な生活ではない」]

It must be obvious that not only life insurance but most forms of private saving would nearly cease if children were taken away from their parents and brought up by the State as in Plato's Republic; that is to say, if the State were to adopt the role of the father, the State would, ipso facto, become the sole capitalist.
[もし,プラトンの国家論でのべられているように,国家が子弟をその両親からひきはなして育てるならば,生命保険はいうまでもなく,個人預金のあらゆる形態はほとんど影を消してしまうにちがいない。いいかえれば,もし国家が父親の役割を横取りしたならば,事実上,国家が唯一の資本家になるだろうということだ。
 出典:ラッセル『結婚論』序文「冒頭」]

Does your insurance cover damage by flooding?
[出典:Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, new ed.]

life/car/travel/household insurance / At that time people had large families as an insurance against some children dying.
[ 出典:Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary, 8th ed.]