(本館) (トップ) (分館)

バートランド・ラッセル 結婚論 第5章
キリストの再臨に備えて(松下彰良 訳)

Marriage and Morals, 1929, by Bertrand Russell

Back(前ページ)  Forward (次ページ) 第5章イントロ累積索引 Contents(総目次)

第五章 キリスト教倫理

 聖パウロは、なぜ私通(姦淫)がそれほど邪悪なものと考えるのか、お教えしてくだされない(注:deign 恐れ多くも・・・してくれない,といった揶揄しているような表現か?)。聖パウロは,モーセの律法を投げ捨て、それゆえ、豚肉を食べてるのは自由であるが、それにもかかわらず、自分の道徳は正統派のユダヤ人の道徳に劣らず厳格なものであることを示したかったのではないか、と勘ぐりたくなる。もしかすると、豚肉が禁止されていた期間が長かったために、ユダヤ人には豚肉が私通(姦淫)と同じくらい甘美なものに思われるようになったのかもしれない。そしてそれゆえ、聖パウロは、自分の教義の禁欲的要素について、特に強調する必要があったのであろう。(注:半分冗談)

Chapter V Christian Ethics

It will be seen that in this passage St. Paul makes no mention whatever of children: the biological purpose of marriage appears to him wholly unimportant. This is quite natural, since he imagined that the Second Coming was imminent and that the world would soon come to an end. At the Second Coming men were to be divided into sheep and goats, and the only thing of real importance was to find oneself among the sheep on that occasion. St. Paul holds that sexual intercourse, even in marriage, is something of a handicap in the attempt to win salvation (I Cor. viii. 32-34). Nevertheless it is possible for married people to be saved, but fornication is deadly sin, and the unrepentant fornicator is sure to find himself among the goats. I remember once being advised by a doctor to abandon the practice of smoking, and he said that I should find it easier if, whenever the desire came upon me, I proceeded to suck an acid drop. It is in this spirit that St. Paul recommends marriage. He does not suggest that it is quite as pleasant as fornication, but he thinks it may enable the weaker brethren to withstand temptation; he does not suggest for a moment that there may be any positive good in marriage, or that affection between husband and wife may be a beautiful and desirable thing, nor does he take the slightest interest in the family; fornication holds the centre of the stage in his thoughts, and the whole of his sexual ethics is arranged with reference to it. It is just as if one were to maintain that the sole reason for baking bread is to prevent people from stealing cake. St. Paul does not deign to tell us why he thinks fornication so wicked. One is inclined to suspect that, having thrown over the Mosaic Law, and being therefore at liberty to eat pork, he wishes to show that his morality is nevertheless quite as severe as that of orthodox Jews. Perhaps the long ages during which pork had been prohibited had made it seem to the Jews as delicious as fornication, and therefore he would need to be emphatic as regards the ascetic elements in his creed.
(掲載日:2016.06.24/更新日: )