Bertrand Russell Quotes 366
A single person is an ethical unit. Neither parts of a person nor organizations of many persons can occupy the same position of ethical importance. The good of a multitude is a sum of the goods of the individuals composing it, not a new and separate good. In concrete fact, when it is pretended that the State has a good different from that of the citizens, what is really meant is that the good of the government or of the ruling class is more important than that of other people. Such a view can have no basis except in arbitrary power.
Source: Bertrand Russell : The Impact of Science on Society, 1952、chap. 3: scientific technique in an oligarchy.
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